Prominent gender rights activists Samar Badawi (pictured above) and fellow campaigner Nassima al-Saddah were arrested this week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a statement on Wednesday.
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The arrests “signal the Saudi authorities see any peaceful dissent, whether past of present, as a threat to their autocratic rule,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at HRW.
Al-Saddah was a candidate in the 2015 local elections, the first time Riyadh allowed women to run. But authorities eventually barred her from contesting the election.
No major change
Since mid-May, the authorities have detained more than a dozen rights campaigners, accusing them of “compromising national security” and “collaborating with the enemies of the state.” Some were released afterwards but have been kept under vigilance.
Women activists have been calling on King Salman to end the male guardianship system, which requires a woman to obtain permission from a male relative to travel, marry, buy property, and other day-to-day activities.
Human rights groups say that Saudi authorities continue to target dissidents despite efforts by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who has introduced a string of reforms aimed at improving the kingdom’s international image.
In June, Saudi Arabia lifted a longstanding ban on women driving, a move hailed by local and international rights activists.
In October, 2017, Salman promised that the kingdom would become more “moderate” and “open” and pledged to “eradicate” radical Islamist ideology from Saudi Arabia.
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